Vauxhall is a British car manufacturer, which is a fully owned subsidiary of German car manufacturer Opel. Vauxhall's vehicle lineup is identical to that of its parent, Opel, with the difference being that the Vauxhall brand is exclusively used in the United Kingdom. Vauxhall is one of the oldest established vehicle manufacturers and distribution companies in the United Kingdom and has its headquarters in Park Town, Luton, Bedfordshire, England. Vauxhall sells passenger cars and light commercial vehicles under the Vauxhall marque. In the past, it has also sold vans, buses and trucks under the Bedford brand. Vauxhall has been the second-largest-selling car brand in the UK for more than two decades. Vauxhall was founded by Alexander Wilson in 1857 as a pump and marine engine manufacturer. It was bought in 1863 by Andrew Betts Brown who began producing travelling cranes. It was he who named it Vauxhall Iron Works. It began manufacturing cars in 1903. It was acquired by American automaker General Motors (GM) in 1925. Bedford Vehicles was established as a subsidiary of Vauxhall in 1930 to manufacture commercial vehicles. Having previously been a luxury car brand, after the Second World War Vauxhall became increasingly mass-market. Since 1980, Vauxhall products have been largely identical to those of Opel, GM's former German subsidiary, and most models are principally engineered in Rüsselsheim, Germany. During the 1980s the Vauxhall brand was withdrawn from sale in all countries apart from the UK, the Channel Islands, and the Isle of Man. At various times during its history, Vauxhall has been active in motorsports, including rallying and the British Touring Car Championship. After 92 years under GM's helm, Vauxhall was sold to Groupe PSA in 2017.