The Alfa Romeo Giulia is a compact executive car produced by the Italian automobile manufacturer Alfa Romeo. It was unveiled in June 2015, with market launch scheduled for February 2016, and it is the first saloon offered by Alfa Romeo after the production of the 159 ended in 2011. The Giulia is also the first mass-market Alfa Romeo vehicle in over two decades to use a longitudinal rear wheel drive platform, since the 75 which was discontinued in 1992. The Giulia was second in 2017 European Car of the Year voting and was named Motor Trend Car of the Year for 2018. The car was designed at the Centro Stile Alfa Romeo, by a team headed by Marco Tencone and including Senior Exterior Designer, Andrea Loi. Along with Interior Chief Designer, Inna Kondakova and Senior Interior Designer, Manuele Amprimo. The Giulia has been the subject of a long gestation and delayed launch dates, reportedly due to the design being sent back to the drawing board by Sergio Marchionne, CEO of Fiat Chrysler Automobiles (FCA), the parent company of Alfa Romeo at the time. The new Giulia was unveiled to the press at the Museo Storico Alfa Romeo in Arese, on 24 June 2015, at an event which involved only the top-of-the-range Quadrifoglio variant and a rendition of "Nessun dorma" by Italian tenor Andrea Bocelli. The occasion coincided with the company's 105th anniversary, and also saw the company debut a restyled logo for all future Alfa Romeo models. The Giulia was also presented under the new La meccanica delle emozioni slogan ("the mechanics of emotions" in Italian). The Giulia is the first model in the company's relaunch plan. It is underpinned by an all-new, longitudinal-engine, rear-wheel drive platform developed for Alfa Romeo, codenamed "Giorgio". Development of the Giulia, along with development of the entire "Giorgio" project, has been overseen by the technical director of Ferrari, Philippe Krief. The Giulia uses a front-engine, rear-wheel-drive layout, featuring an even 50% front and 50% rear weight distribution. Suspension is independent all-around, of the double wishbone type at the front and multilink at the rear. All Giulia models employ a carbon-fibre drive shaft made by Hitachi Automotive Systems, as well as aluminium alloy shock towers, suspension components, front wings and doors. Four-wheel drive models will also be offered. Depending on trim level it has a 6.5-inch or 8.8-inch colour display. Optional Sport, Performance and Luxury Packs are also available. The sport package includes sports steering wheel with added grip, aluminium inserts on the dashboard, centre console and door panels, and Xenon headlights. The luxury package offers premium leather upholstery and wood trim. The performance package includes mechanical limited-slip differential along with electronic suspension and paddle shifters on the steering column in the cars equipped with an automatic transmission. The base Giulia, mid-level Super, and loaded Speciale are powered by a 147 kW (197 hp) 2 liter gasoline engine, or the choice of 2.2 liter turbo diesel engine. The base model comes with 16 inch alloys, the Super can be distinguished with 17 inch alloys and dual chrome exhaust tip for the diesel model. The Speciale has 18 inch alloys, black brake calipers, and leather sports seats from the Veloce. The Giulia Veloce was presented at the 2016 Paris International Motor Show held in October. The Veloce offers the choice of two engines: the 2.0-litre turbo petrol and the 2.2-litre diesel inline 4 engines, both equipped with an 8-speed automatic transmission and Alfa Q4 all-wheel drive system. The Veloce has specific bumpers and a glossy black door trim. It has also various performance components like special rear extractor with double exhaust pipes and optional 5-spoke 19-inch alloy wheels. On the interior, it has black, red or tan leather sport seats and a sports steering wheel with a suede grip, aluminium inserts on the dashboard, central tunnel, door panels and Xenon headlights. The new petrol straight-4 engine produces a maximum power output of 206 kW (276 hp) at 5,250 rpm and a maximum torque of 400 N m (295 lb ft) at 2,250 rpm. It has MultiAir electro-hydraulic valve activation system along with "2-in-1" turbocharger system and direct injection with a 200-bar high pressure system. The 154 kW (207 hp) diesel all aluminum straight-4 engine comes with MultiJet II technology and electrically operated variable geometry turbocharger. The Alfa Q4 all wheel drive system behaves like a rear-wheel drive vehicle, 100% of torque is distributed to the rear axle. As it reaches the wheel adherence limit, the system transfers up to 60% of the torque to the front axle. To ensure maximum speed of response in re-distributing torque, the system exploits a high mechanical over slippage (up to 2.5%) between the two axles, which translates into segment-beating vehicle control in terms of traction and directional stability on bends. The new trim level between Veloce and top-of-the-line Quadrifoglio called Veloce Ti was introduced at the 2018 Goodwood Festival of Speed. Its exterior design is inspired by the Quadrifoglio with an optional carbon fibre pack and standard 19-inch alloys from the Quadrifoglio. The high-performance Giulia Quadrifoglio was the first model in the new Giulia range. It was unveiled at Italy in June 2015. It made its official international debut at the 2015 Frankfurt Motor Show. The Quadrifoglio's main competitors are cars such as the Mercedes-AMG C63, BMW M3 and the Cadillac ATS-V. The Quadrifoglio is powered by an all-aluminium alloy, twin-turbocharged gasoline direct injection 90 degree V6 engine, with a single-cylinder displacement of just under half a litre, for a total of 2,891 cc (2.9L). This engine was developed exclusively for the Quadrifoglio by Ferrari technicians and it is related to Ferrari's own twin-turbocharged F154 CB V8 engine, sharing the California T's bore x stroke of 86.5 mm x 82 mm (3.41 in x 3.23 in). The engine has a maximum power output of 375 kW (503 hp) at 6,500 rpm, and 600 Nm (443 lb ft) of torque between 2,500 and 5,000 rpm. The turbochargers are single-scroll compressor IHI units integrated into the manifold, with water-charge air coolers. It has side mounted direct fuel injection and the peak turbo boost pressure reaches up to 35 psi (2 bar). Courtesy of cylinder deactivation, this model achieves a fuel consumption of 8.5 litres per 100 kilometres (33 mpg imp; 28 mpg US) and CO 2 emissions of 198 g/km, in the combined cycle. The Quadrifoglio weighs 1,524 kg (3,360 lb) and has a power-to-weight ratio of 3 kg (6.6 lb)/PS. This is achieved courtesy of the Quadrifoglio sharing the other models' composite and light alloy construction, as well as featuring a roof and bonnet made of carbon fibre. From the front, the Quadrifoglio distinguishes itself from the rest of the range by a specific front bumper, with a carbon fibre splitter and enlarged air intakes for the twin intercoolers and for the brakes, and by a bonnet featuring two cooling outlets for the engine bay. On the sides, the front wings also have outlets to extract air from the wheel wells, and bear Quadrifoglio badges. The side skirts are specific to the model, as are the 19-inch alloy wheels. At the rear, a low-profile carbon fibre lip-spoiler is applied to the boot lid, and a rear diffuser makes up the lower half of the bumper, flanked by quadruple exhaust tips. Working in conjunction with the faired-in underside, the diffuser is fully functional in generating downforce, as at the front is the "Active Aero Splitter", which can vary its angle of attack by 10 degree, moved by electric motors. The manufacturer claims these active aero elements are the firsts in the Giulia's market segment and are able to generate up to 100 kg (220 lb) of downforce at 186 mph (300 km/h). The braking system uses carbon ceramic rotors, along with six-piston front and four-piston rear calipers and auxiliary rear calipers for the parking brake. The electronic stability control and the traditional Vacuum servo or brake servo are combined in a single electromechanical system. On the interior, the dashboard is part-trimmed in leather and carbon fibre and the engine start button is located on the multi-function steering wheel. In addition, the driver is offered Alfa Romeo's "DNA" dynamic control selector, which is placed on the centre console. Driving modes include "Dynamic", "Natural", "Advanced Efficiency", and "Race". According to Alfa Romeo, the Giulia Quadrifoglio can accelerate from 0 to 100 km/h (62 mph) in 3.9 seconds and come to a standstill from that speed in 32 meters. The Quadrifoglio can attain a top speed of 307 km/h (191 mph). This model also completed the Nurburgring's Nordschleife circuit in 7 minutes 39 seconds, a record for a saloon car. In September 2016 a new lap record for the automatic transmission version was published: 7 minutes, 32 seconds. Car and Driver magazine has recorded a standing quarter mile time of 11.9 seconds at 195 km/h (121 mph) and a 0 to 97 km/h (60 mph) acceleration time of 3.6 seconds. At the 2018 Geneva Motor Show, the Giulia Quadrifoglio NRING Edition was introduced. The NRING edition has carbon-ceramic brakes, Sparco carbon fibre seats, carbon fibre interior trim, a Mopar-branded gear shifter and Mopar floor mats. The car is differentiated on the exterior by 'NRING' badges as well as carbon fibre mirror caps and side skirts and an exposed carbon fibre roof. The equipment was upgraded to include adaptive cruise control and a premium sound system. At the 2019 Geneva Motor Show the Alfa Romeo Racing limited edition was introduced, which celebrates Alfa Romeo's legendary racing history and the entry of a new Italian driver in Formula 1 competition: Antonio Giovinazzi joining the "Alfa Romeo Racing" team together with the 2007 F1 World Champion Kimi Raikkonen. This special edition has exclusive paintwork, as a tribute to the Alfa Romeo Racing C38 Formula 1 car. It has also some stylistic details like some carbon fibre aerodynamic parts and a titanium exhaust system. The weight was reduced by about 28 kilograms (62 lb) from the standard Quadrifoglio, followed by a technical tune-up by Alfa Romeo engineers that has resulted more torque and power, which now amounts to 382 kW (513 hp). Besides the high-performance Quadrifoglio's twin-turbocharged 90 degree V6, the engine line-up will consist of four-cylinder petrol engines, as well as six and four-cylinder turbo diesel engines. A four-cylinder and a V6, the latter different from the Quadrifoglio's and with a 60 degree angle between the cylinder banks, are built in FCA Italy's Termoli plant. Diesel engines are built in Pratola Serra plant. The first models went on sale from February 2016 were the 2.2 L Multijet II turbodiesel and the 2.9 L V6 Quadrifoglio. A 2.0 L MultiAir2 turbo petrol engine was announced at the time of the Giulia Quadrifoglio's debut at the Los Angeles Auto Show in November 2015. The 2.0 litre gasoline engines are part of the all new FCA Global Medium Engine family. The Alfa version will share up to 70% parts with the GME family for other FCA brands.