The Porsche Taycan is an all-electric car manufactured by German automobile manufacturer Porsche, which was first unveiled as a concept car named Mission E at the 2015 Frankfurt Motor Show and then in production form at the 2019 Frankfurt Motor Show. It is Porsche's first series production electric car, and is planned to be sold in several variants of different performance levels, and it could spawn derivatives in a future line-up of models based on its platform. The name Taycan roughly translates from Turkish as "lively young horse" in reference to the steed of the Stuttgart coat of arms on the Porsche crest. The interior of the car is based around up to four digital displays, including a curved, free-standing 16.8 in configurable driver's display. This marks Porsche's first fully digital instrument binnacle. A 10.9 inch screen is situated to the right of the instrument binnacle which serves as the infotainment system of the car. An optional screen is placed to the right of the infotainment screen which allows the front passenger to customise the infotainment system. An 8.4 inch screen is present in a portrait layout on the centre console with a trackpad to control the functions. The screen displays the status of the powertrain and tells the driver to efficiently use the power. Despite using an all digital layout, the dashboard features the classic Porsche clock on the top. The exterior styling, penned by former Porsche Exterior Designer Mitja Borkert, is strongly influenced by the Mission E concept and retains most of the design elements present on the concept except the suicide doors and B pillars. Design features include a retractable rear spoiler, retractable door handles and an advanced regenerative braking system. Taking full advantage of the packaging advantages inherent in its drivetrain layout, the Taycan combines the fundamental short-nosed proportions of traditional Porsche models at the front with the stretched proportions of modern front-engine models towards the rear, providing clear design links to existing models. The front features four-point LED daytime running headlamps. At the rear, the car has a short notchback-style boot lid housing a full-width light band serving as taillights and turn signals that provides access to one of two luggage compartments. The other is under the bonnet and claimed to have a capacity of nearly 100 litres. The launch Turbo and Turbo S models will come in a carbon fibre trim and 20-inch wheels as standard. The Taycan is built around the J1 platform which is a mixture of steel and aluminium joined together by different bonding techniques. The B pillars of the body, side roof frame and seat cross member are made from hot-formed steel while the bulkhead cross member is made from boron steel to improve safety. The shock absorber mounts, axle mounts and rear side members are made from forged aluminum, while all body panels except the front and rear bumpers are also made from aluminum to reduce weight. In total, 37% of the car is constructed of aluminium. The Taycan uses a new battery-electric drivetrain consisting of a permanent-magnet synchronous motor on each axle, allowing the car to have an all-wheel drive layout. At the front, power is sent to the wheels through a single-speed gearbox. At the rear, power is sent to the rear wheels through a two-speed transmission with a short first gear providing maximum acceleration performance and a long-ratio second gear delivering top speed and efficiency. Power comes from a 93 kWh lithium-ion battery pack that doubles as a structural chassis component and keeps the center of gravity low. In order to address space issues for passenger sitting on the rear seats, recesses called "foot garages" have been incorporated in the battery pack to improve legroom. The driving range depends upon how the car is driven and what driving mode is selected. A "range" driving setting puts the car in a power save mode with the lowest power consumption while an "Overdrive" mode utilises maximum power while decoupling the front axle. The car has a total of five modes namely Sport, Sport Plus, Normal, Overdrive, Range along with an Individual mode in which the driver can customise various settings of the car. Regenerative braking provides up to 265 kW. Porsche has developed an 800-volt charging system specifically for the Taycan. According to manufacturer estimates, the battery pack can be charged from a 5% state of charge to 80% in 22.5 minutes in ideal situations, with a DC fast charger offering 270 kW of power. Charge times are dependent on weather conditions and infrastructure. When purchasing a Taycan, owners receive three years free access to the speed charging infrastructure of Porsche's joint venture partner, IONITY. To reduce charge times in both hot and cold temperatures, the battery can be thermally preconditioned using a charging planner. Owners simply need to set a departure time in the planner and the car will automatically warm or cool the battery for optimal charging times. A charging dock and mobile charger supplied with the car for home charging connect with a 9.6-kW connector that charges the car in 11 hours. Porsche has also developed an energy manager that can be installed in the house's circuit breaker. It is capable of managing a house's power flow, providing cost optimising charging, using solar power and providing blackout protection by reducing the charge to the car if other household appliances, such as fridges or dryers, turn on and exceed the breaker's max power threshold. Independent testing by the United States Environmental Protection Agency has afforded the Taycan Turbo a range of 201 miles (323 km). The Taycan is initially being offered as a saloon model but an SUV model called the Taycan Cross Turismo is due to be launched. Other planned variants include a two-door coupe and convertible models which will be put into production based on market demand. Models introduced at launch include the high performance Turbo and Turbo S. A mid-range model called the Taycan 4S with two battery sizes was added to the lineup in October 2019. The Mission E is powered by two PSM permanently excited synchronous electric motors: one at the front axle and one at the back. All four wheels are individually controlled by the Porsche Torque Vectoring system. The two electric motors are projected to produce more than 440 kW (590 bhp). It has projected performance figures of 0–100 km/h in 3.5 seconds, 0–200 km/h in 12 seconds and a top speed over 250 km/h (155 mph). Porsche is aiming for the Mission E to achieve a range of over 500 km (311 mi). The car has a system voltage of 800 V DC. The batteries can be charged by an inductive plate or with a conventional charger system. Porsche claims that with the Porsche Turbo Charging system the battery is charged at up to 350 kW of power, to 80% in just 15 minutes. The Porsche Mission E Cross Turismo concept is a Mission E derivative that was first presented at the 2018 Geneva Motor Show and combines the fully electric Mission E J1-platform with a 5-door estate body similar to the Panamera Sport Turismo, raised suspension, off-road tyres and cladding to form a crossover utility vehicle. According to Porsche Chief designer Michael Mauer the concept "shows possibilities of the future lineup". On 18 October 2018 the Supervisory Board of Porsche AG gave the green light for the series production of the Cross Turismo.